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A Holocaust Photo Essay


 

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Nazi Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels urges a Berlin crowd to boycott Jewish businesses. (April 1933)
[Photo Credit: U.S. National Archives, William Blye Collection]

 

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Nazi stormtroopers bar the Berlin entrance to a Jewish shop. Their signs read: "Germans, defend yourselves against the Jewish atrocity proaganda, buy only at German shops!" and "Germans, defend yourselves, buy only at German shops!" (1933)
[Photo Credit: U.S. National Archives, William Blye Collection]

 

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A synagogue burns in Siegen, Germany, on November, 10 1938. Kristallnacht, or The Night of Broken Glass, was a large-scale coordinated attack on Jews throughout the German Riech.
[Photo Credit: The Pictorial History of the Holocaust, ed. Yitzhak Arad. New York: Macmillan, 1990.]

 

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The cover of a 1939 antisemitic brochure, The Scourge of God: Polish Jews
[Photo Credit: U.S. National Archives.]

 

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German soldiers on the way to Poland. The inscription on the railway car reads: "We are going to Poland to strike at the Jews." On the left, an antisemitic drawing of a Jew.
[from The Pictorial History of the Holocaust, ed. Yitzhak Arad. New York: Macmillan, 1990]

 

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In the Polish town of Olkusz, in July 1940, Rabbi Moshe Yitzhak Hengerman is forced to pray before his prostrate congregants, who have just been beaten by German soldiers.
[Photo Credit: Yad Vashem Historical Museum]

 

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Two-year-old Mania Halef, a Jewish child murdered by the SS during the mass executions at Babi Yar in September 1941.
[Photo credit: Hessisches Hauptstaatsarchiv, Yelena Brusilovsky Collection]

 

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Jews in Wuerzburg, Germany, on the way to concentration camps (1942)
[Photo Credit: U.S. National Archives]

 

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The main entrance of Auschwitz Extermination Camp, with its infamous motto "Work Makes One Free."

 

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Children subjected to medical experiments in Auschwitz.
[from The Pictorial History of the Holocaust, ed. Yitzhak Arad. New York: Macmillan, 1990]

 

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Buchenwald prisoners in nearby woods just before their execution. (1933)
[Photo Credit: American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, Lorenz Schmuhl Collection]

 

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German guards outside the Kommandant's house at Belzec death camp in 1942.
[Photo Credit: Main Commission for the Investigation of Nazi War Crimes]

 

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Jewish women from the Mizocz Ghetto in the Ukraine, which held roughly 1,700 Jews. Some are holding infants as they are forced to wait in a line before their execution by Germans and Ukrainian collaborators. 
[Photo credits: Main Commission for the Investigation of Nazi War Crimes]

 

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A German policeman shoots individual Jewish women who remain alive in the ravine after the mass execution. (1942)
[Photo credits: Main Commission for the Investigation of Nazi War Crimes]

 

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Jewish men await death in a gas van.
[Photo credits: Main Commission for the Investigation of Nazi War Crimes]

 

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Crematoria ovens in Buchenwald concentration camp.

 

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This photo was taken by an SS photographer. It is part of an album discovered after liberation by a female prisoner. Most people create family albums containing photos of their children, wives, husbands, mementos of places visited. Evidently this SS photographer was proud of the work he and his comrades were doing. The people in the photo had only just been brought from the trains where they had been crammed in cattle cars with no food, water or sanitation. Look closely at them, these were the people the Nazis considered dangerous. Not long after this photo was taken they were gassed, and their bodies burned.
Photo and Caption Credit: Alan Jacobs @ www.remember.org

 

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A mass grave in the Bergen-Belsen camp
Photo Credit: Alan Jacobs @ www.remember.org

 

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Shoes of the victims

 

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A mass execution of Jews in Nazi occupied Soviet Union. Naked Jews, including a young boy,
just before their murder.
[from The Pictorial History of the Holocaust, ed. Yitzhak Arad. New York: Macmillan, NY, 1990.]

 

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Execution in German occupied Soviet Union
Photo and Caption Credit: Alan Jacobs @ www.remember.org

 

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A Nazi about to shoot the last Jew left alive in Vinica, Ukraine.
[Photo Credit: Library of Congress]

 

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Starving Jewish boy in the Warsaw ghetto, probably 1942.
From Charles G. Roland, Courage Under Siege: Disease, Starvation and Death in the Warsaw Ghetto.
Copyright 1992 Oxford University Press.

 

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At Dachau concentration camp, two U.S. soldiers gaze at Jews who died on board a death train.
[Photo Credit: USHMM]

 

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A truckload of bodies at Buchenwald concentration camp.
[Photo Credit: U.S. National Archives]

 

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Dachau survivor on the day of liberation.
[Photo Credit: U.S. National Archives, Francis Robert Arzt Collection]

 

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Dachau survivors on the day of liberation.
[Photo Credit: U.S. National Archives, Francis Robert Arzt Collection]

Online sources for photos: Cybrary of the Holocaust | The History Place | Holocaust Pictures Exhibition | Yad Vashem: The Holocaust Martyrs' and Heroes' Remembrance Authority |


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